The flag of Syria is not just a symbol; it is a reflection of the complex political and historical reality of the country. Syria currently uses at least two different flags, each representing specific political and social groups.

Syrian Flag: Historical Context

Flag of the United Arab Republic (1958-1961, 1980-present)

This Syrian flag was adopted in 1958 when Syria joined the United Arab Republic with Egypt. The flag was used until 1961 and was adopted again in 1980. It symbolizes the desire for Arab unity and is used by the current Syrian government.

Independence Flag (1932, 2011-present)

This flag was used during the French Mandate and was adopted again by Syrian opposition groups in 2011. It has come to symbolize independence and the end of Bashar al-Assad’s rule.

Description and Symbolism of Syrian Flag

Official Syrian Flag

According to Article 6 of the Syrian Constitution, the flag consists of three colors: red, white and black, with two green stars. Each color and star has its own symbolism representing different dynasties and historical periods of Arab history.

Official flag of Syria

Official flag of Syria

Flag of the Syrian Opposition

The opposition flag has a green-white-black tricolor and is mainly used in territories controlled by the Syrian National Coalition. This flag also symbolizes the desire for independence and freedom.

Flag of the Syrian Opposition

Flag of the Syrian Opposition

Flag of Syria: Controversial Issues and Political Implications

Associations with the Baath Party

The official flag is often associated with the ruling Baath Party and has come to symbolize loyalty to the government of Bashar al-Assad, especially in the context of the civil war.

Use by the Opposition

The independence flag has become a symbol of opposition and independence, and its use has strong political overtones.

Syria’s Flags: Conclusion

Syria’s flags serve not only as national symbols, but also as signs of deep political divisions and historical change. They epitomize the complex dynamics of the country’s internal and external relations.